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The Prophecy Announces The Victory Of The Sovereignty Of Jehovah

"I kept watching in the visions of the night, and look! with the clouds of the heavens, someone like a son of man was coming; and he gained access to the Ancient of Days, and they brought him up close before that One. 14 And to him there were given rulership, honor, and a kingdom, that the peoples, nations, and language groups should all serve him. His rulership is an everlasting rulership that will not pass away, and his kingdom will not be destroyed"

(Daniel 7:13,14)

Introduction

The prophecy of Daniel was written in Babylon, and finalized around 536 BCE

The main theme of the prophetic book of Daniel is the restoration of the sovereignty of Jehovah God on earth, through the kingdom of God, whose kingship has been entrusted to the "son of man", Jesus Christ (Matthew 25:31-46). Based on the chronological basis of the prophecy of Daniel chapter 4:10-27, we can say that this heavenly enthronement took place in 1914 C.E. Human rulership on earth is portrayed as wild beasts that devour and crush mankind and compete with the sovereignty of God, based on love (1 John 4:8; Daniel 7:2-8). The prophecy of Daniel announces the violent disappearance of this bestial satanic sovereignty. This destruction will take place during the great tribulation: "But the Court sat, and they took away his rulership, in order to annihilate him and to destroy him completely" (Daniel 2:34,44; 7:26; 12:1; Matthew 24:21; Revelation 14: 18-20; 19:11-21). The kingdom of God will establish its earthly administration through the New Jerusalem, made up of the 144,000 heavenly holy ones: “And the kingdom and the rulership and the grandeur of the kingdoms under all the heavens were given to the people who are the holy ones of the Supreme One. Their kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all rulerships will serve and obey them" (Daniel 7:27; Revelation 21:2-4). According to the prophecy of Ezekiel, the kingdom of God will have earthly holy ones, such as princes and priests (Ezekiel 40-48) (the expression "holy ones" found in the prophecy of Daniel, simply refers to the servants of God Jehovah and his son Jesus Christ).

The historical and prophetic narrative is based on these three main axes, mentioned above, the restoration of the sovereignty of God on earth, the disappearance of bestial human sovereignty, and the establishment of the earthly reign of the kingdom of God, of which the king is the "son of man", Jesus Christ and the 144,000 heavenly holy ones. Therefore, any historical event which does not have a direct link with these three aspects, is not mentioned. For example, the book of Daniel there are mainly four World Powers, from the time of the writing of this biblical book of Daniel, to the present day: Babylon, the Medo-Persian Empire, Greek and Roman. It is obvious that there have been many other world empires. However, these four empires have had a direct connection with the prophetic narrative of the book of Daniel and even to the present days, regarding the last world power.

The prophetic analysis of this book will be done by theme. For example the examination of the first prophecy which deals with the succession of World Powers, in Daniel chapter 2, will be linked to other chapters which repeat this theme differently and for a different purpose (Daniel 7 and 8). Two prophecies of Daniel have already been the subject of a very detailed examination which will only be summarized in this article, but will direct the reader who wishes it, by a hyperlink (The king of the north and the king of the south (Daniel 11-12:1); The Last King (Daniel 8:23-25)). The main purpose of this biblical study of the prophecy of Daniel is to demonstrate the proximity of the Day of Jehovah (the great tribulation) and the need to prepare ourselves individually, as a family, and as a congregation (Daniel 12:1).

The succession of world powers in the prophecy of Daniel

(Daniel 2)

The statue of four metals

King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, had a dream

"You, O king, were watching, and you saw an immense image. That image, which was huge and extremely bright, was standing in front of you, and its appearance was terrifying. The head of that image was of fine gold, its chest and its arms were of silver, its abdomen and its thighs were of copper, its legs were of iron, and its feet were partly of iron and partly of clay. You looked on until a stone was cut out, not by hands, and it struck the image on its feet of iron and of clay and crushed them. At that time the iron, the clay, the copper, the silver, and the gold were, all together, crushed and became like the chaff from the summer threshing floor, and the wind carried them away so that not a trace of them could be found. But the stone that struck the image became a large mountain, and it filled the whole earth" (Daniel 2:31-35).

The interpretation of the dream

“This is the dream, and we will now tell the king its interpretation. You, O king—the king of kings to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, the might, the strength, and the glory, and into whose hand he has given men wherever they may dwell, as well as the beasts of the field and the birds of the heavens, and whom he has made ruler over all of them—you yourself are the head of gold. “But after you another kingdom will rise, inferior to you; then another kingdom, a third one, of copper, that will rule over the whole earth. “As for the fourth kingdom, it will be strong like iron. For just as iron crushes and pulverizes everything else, yes, like iron that shatters, it will crush and shatter all of these. “And just as you saw the feet and the toes to be partly of clay of a potter and partly of iron, the kingdom will be divided, but some of the hardness of iron will be in it, just as you saw the iron mixed with soft clay.  And as the toes of the feet were partly of iron and partly of clay, so the kingdom will be partly strong and partly fragile.  Just as you saw iron mixed with soft clay, they will be mixed with the people; but they will not stick together, one to the other, just as iron does not mix with clay. “In the days of those kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that will never be destroyed. And this kingdom will not be passed on to any other people. It will crush and put an end to all these kingdoms, and it alone will stand forever, just as you saw that out of the mountain a stone was cut not by hands, and that it crushed the iron, the copper, the clay, the silver, and the gold. The Grand God has made known to the king what will happen in the future. The dream is true, and its interpretation is trustworthy” (Daniel 2:36-45).

In this dream, it is prophetically described the succession of world powers, from the time of Daniel, when the kingdom of Babylon was the ruling world power, until the great tribulation, when the destruction of human sovereignty, followed by the establishment of the earthly administration of the kingdom of God. This statue is made of four metals:

1 - The golden head: the Babylonian empire, represented by the king Nebuchadnezzar, at the time of the prophet Daniel (Daniel 2:37,38).

2 - The chest and arms in silver: the Medo-Persian empire (Daniel 2:39a).

3 - The abdomen and the thighs made of copper: the Greek empire (Daniel 2:39b).

4 - The Iron Legs: The Roman Empire (Rome (Western Empire) and Constantinople (Eastern Empire)) (Daniel 2:40).

5 - The feet of iron mixed with clay (as well as the toes of iron mixed with clay)): the current world sovereignty, imbued with late Roman Influence, by its political, religious and cultural system. This Greco-Roman impregnation is designated by the generic expression of Westernization (or the expression of late Greco-Roman antiquity). The presence of clay with the ferrous metals of the feet and toes, which in fact weaken the general structure of the statue (world human sovereignty), represents the movements of uncontrolled crowds, in the forms of street, social and revolutionary, terrorist acts perpetrated by small groups, all acting as a counter-power that seriously weakens the iron authority of current governments (Daniel 2:41-43).

The iron weakened by clay

"As for the fourth kingdom, it will be strong like iron. For just as iron crushes and pulverizes everything else, yes, like iron that shatters, it will crush and shatter all of these. “And just as you saw the feet and the toes to be partly of clay of a potter and partly of iron, the kingdom will be divided, but some of the hardness of iron will be in it, just as you saw the iron mixed with soft clay. And as the toes of the feet were partly of iron and partly of clay, so the kingdom will be partly strong and partly fragile. Just as you saw iron mixed with soft clay, they will be mixed with the people; but they will not stick together, one to the other, just as iron does not mix with clay"

(Daniel 2:40-43)

Iron symbolizes the expression of the power of the Roman Empire, and its extension to our time, by iron weapons, swords, lances, shields and later, cannons, rifles, machine guns, bombs and bombers dropping fire from the sky, to use the expression from the book of Revelation, about the wild beasts of two lambs horns, representing the current world power: "It exercises all the authority of the first wild beast in its sight. And it makes the earth and its inhabitants worship the first wild beast, whose mortal wound was healed. And it performs great signs, even making fire come down out of heaven to the earth in the sight of mankind" (Revelation 13:12,13).

For example, during World War II, Italy, Germany, and Japan (Axis Powers) set the world on fire. At the end of this World War II, far from pacifying the world, the allied powers, particularly France, the British, Holland, the United States and the former Soviet Union, in turn shed blood and tears, during the Cold War, in the Middle East, Africa, Asia and Indonesia. Nevertheless, these iron powers, with their military strength, were hampered by clay. How? Let us take two examples, France and the United States: After the Second World War, these two countries engaged in colonial wars, in Africa (in the Maghrib), in Asia (in Korea, Vietnam and Laos). On the military level (iron), these countries have undoubtedly exerted a power comparable to iron which destroyed everything in its path, by rifles, machine guns, cannons, incendiary bombs destroying men, women and children living in villages, and forests, in Vietnam and Laos. Nevertheless, the clay, the men and women, the public opinion, was quick to denounce the exaction of these great colonial powers, which "weakened" their military action (iron), to the point of converting their military victories, in political and diplomatic defeats.

Currently, the actions of iron governments are largely hampered by human clay, the "many waters", in the form of crowds protesting against the authority, revolutions, terrorist acts and mob movements that are flexing the authority of "militarized iron", widely relayed by union and media powers, particularly the Internet, which have acted and are acting as powerful checks and balances. The prophecy of Daniel mentions the “toes” of iron and clay, which accentuates the fragility and stability of the “statue”, through Balkanization and claims of autonomy that have fragmented great empires. This phenomenon has been accentuated after the fall of the former Soviet Union, from the beginning of the years 90. New forms of conflicts by worldwide generalized terrorist actions, with the appearance of the Internet, make that the human clay has nowadays become almost uncontrollable by most governments with their police and militarized iron power.

The uncontrolled and rebellious clay, of the prophecy of Daniel, finds its symbolic correspondence with the book of Revelation, with the horizontality of the rough sea and the many waters: "One of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and said to me: “Come, I will show you the judgment on the great prostitute who sits on many waters. (…) He said to me: “The waters that you saw, where the prostitute is sitting, mean peoples and crowds and nations and tongues"" (Revelation 17:1,15). While iron is represented by the verticality of the governmental "former heaven", in the book of Revelation, it is written that they will disappear: "And I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the former heaven and the former earth had passed away, and the sea is no more" (Revelation 21:1). Their demise at the great tribulation is also foretold in the prophecy of Daniel:

“You looked on until a stone was cut out, not by hands, and it struck the image on its feet of iron and of clay and crushed them. At that time the iron, the clay, the copper, the silver, and the gold were, all together, crushed and became like the chaff from the summer threshing floor, and the wind carried them away so that not a trace of them could be found. But the stone that struck the image became a large mountain, and it filled the whole earth. (…) In the days of those kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that will never be destroyed. And this kingdom will not be passed on to any other people. It will crush and put an end to all these kingdoms, and it alone will stand forever, 45 just as you saw that out of the mountain a stone was cut not by hands, and that it crushed the iron, the copper, the clay, the silver, and the gold. The Grand God has made known to the king what will happen in the future. The dream is true, and its interpretation is trustworthy” (Daniel 2:34,35,44,45).

The wild beast with long iron teeth and the ten horns

The succession of these four world powers is expressed differently, but in a similar way, regarding late Roman Influence Antiquity, in another quote of the prophecy. This time, it is the prophet Daniel who has the visions, and it is an angel who gives him the interpretation of them. These visions allow to complete the information of the dream of the statue with four metals:

"Daniel declared: “I was watching in my visions during the night, and look! the four winds of the heavens were stirring up the vast sea. And four huge beasts came out of the sea, each different from the others. “The first one was like a lion, and it had the wings of an eagle. I watched until its wings were plucked out, and it was lifted up from the earth and was made to stand up on two feet like a man, and it was given the heart of a man. “And look! another beast, a second one, like a bear. It was raised up on one side, and three ribs were in its mouth between its teeth; and it was told, ‘Get up, eat much flesh.’ “After this I kept watching, and look! another beast, like a leopard, but on its back it had four wings like those of a bird. And the beast had four heads, and it was given authority to rule.  “After this I kept watching in the visions of the night, and I saw a fourth beast, fearsome and terrifying and unusually strong, and it had large iron teeth. It was devouring and crushing, and what was left it trampled down with its feet. It was different from all the other beasts that were prior to it, and it had ten horns. While I considered the horns, look! another horn, a small one, came up among them, and three of the first horns were plucked up from before it. And look! there were eyes like human eyes in this horn, and there was a mouth speaking arrogantly" (Daniel 7:2-8).

In the first part of the explanation of the angel, are summarized all the information of the vision of the statue with four metals, showing that there would be four kings who would arise representing the four empires (Babylonian, Medo-Persian, Greek and Roman). This sovereignty would give way to the kingdom of God: "These huge beasts, four in number, are four kings who will stand up from the earth. But the holy ones of the Supreme One will receive the kingdom, and they will possess the kingdom forever, yes, forever and ever" (Daniel 7:17,18, compare with 2:36-44). What intrigued the Prophet Daniel, however, was the appearance of the fourth beast, which represents the Roman Empire. Therefore, he asked the angel for more information: “This is what he said: ‘As for the fourth beast, there is a fourth kingdom that will come to be on the earth. It will be different from all the other kingdoms, and it will devour all the earth and will trample it down and crush it. As for the ten horns, ten kings will rise up out of that kingdom; and still another one will rise up after them, and he will be different from the first ones, and he will humiliate three kings” (Daniel 7:23,24).

Regarding this fourth wild beast, the Roman Empire, with ten horns (the whole of world sovereignty (ten horns)), expresses exactly the same idea as the vision of the statue with four metals, in its low part (legs, feet and toes): The Roman power would continue until our days. The fact that this wild beast has the ten horns, shows that the Late Antiquity Roman Influence (the Roman beast), the westernization, would permeate all the current world governance, until the last days (represented by the ten horns, all the kings of the earth).

The three horns plucked up and replaced by an arrogant horn

"While I considered the horns, look! another horn, a small one, came up among them, and three of the first horns were plucked up from before it. And look! there were eyes like human eyes in this horn, and there was a mouth speaking arrogantly"

(Daniel 7:8)

What are the three plucked up horns, replaced by an arrogant horn? To find out, just read the explanations of the angel, regarding this big horn existing in our current days, in order to know what the three horns, correspond to: "He will speak words against the Most High, and he will continually harass the holy ones of the Supreme One. He will intend to change times and law, and they will be given into his hand for a time, times, and half a time. But the Court sat, and they took away his rulership, in order to annihilate him and to destroy him completely" (Daniel 7:25,26).

Verse 26, shows that this horn (king), as worldwide power, would be present at the time of the great tribulation, the destruction of the international human sovereignty. What world power is it? Without doubt, the United States of America. The current world power is also described in the book of Revelation, as a wild beast with two horns of lambs, using by itself, the world power of another wild beast with seven heads and ten horns: "Then I saw another wild beast ascending out of the earth, and it had two horns like a lamb, but it began speaking like a dragon. It exercises all the authority of the first wild beast in its sight. And it makes the earth and its inhabitants worship the first wild beast, whose mortal wound was healed.  And it performs great signs, even making fire come down out of heaven to the earth in the sight of mankind" (Revelation 13:11-13). Just as Daniel 7:8 informs that this "horn speaking arrogantly", this quote of Revelation 13, describes it with the attitude of a prophet who organizes a worship rivaling that due to God. Revelation 16:13, call this wild beast as "false prophet".

Therefore, it is easy to understand to which maritime powers correspond to the three plucked up and humiliated horns. To obtain its independence, the United States of America, gradually drove out the three colonial powers, which in fact represent the cradle of this nation with "Greco-Roman" origins: Spain (associated with The Netherlands and Portugal (which will colonize an important part of South America (Brazil))), France and England. It was at the end of the Seven Years' War (1756-1763) that France left all its possessions. Through the Spanish-American War (April 15 to August 12, 1898), Spain will lose its last possessions. Through the War of Independence (1775-1783), Great Britain will lose all its possessions. According to the prophecy of Daniel, the United States of America, is an expression of a "Late Roman Antiquity Influence", as are the three other nations that founded it.

The last king with the grimacing face and arrogant attitude

This last king mentioned in the prophecy of Daniel, is the theme of a special biblical study (The Last King). Nevertheless, it is important to know the whole context of this very detailed prophecy in its description: "As I raised my eyes, look! there was a ram standing before the watercourse, and it had two horns. The two horns were tall, but one was higher than the other, and the higher one came up later. I saw the ram making thrusts to the west and to the north and to the south, and no wild beasts could stand before it, and there was no one who could provide rescue from its power. It did as it pleased and exalted itself.  As I kept watching, look! there was a male goat coming from the west crossing the surface of the whole earth without touching the ground. And the goat had a conspicuous horn between its eyes. It was coming toward the ram with the two horns, which I had seen standing before the watercourse; it was running toward it in a powerful rage. I saw it closing in on the ram, and it was filled with bitterness toward it. It struck down the ram and broke its two horns, and the ram was powerless to stand up to it. It threw the ram to the ground and trampled it down, and there was no one to rescue it from its power. Then the male goat exalted itself exceedingly, but as soon as it became mighty, the great horn was broken; then four conspicuous horns came up instead of the one, toward the four winds of the heavens" (Daniel 8:3-8).

This time, there are only two wild beasts that represent only two world powers, the two-horned ram, the Medo-Persian power, and the very fast male goat, with a very big horn, the Greek Empire: "The two-horned ram that you saw stands for the kings of Meʹdi·a and Persia. The hairy male goat stands for the king of Greece; and the great horn that was between its eyes stands for the first king. As for the horn that was broken, so that four stood up instead of it, there are four kingdoms from his nation that will stand up, but not with his power" (Daniel 8:20-22).

Two hundred years in advance, this prophecy foretold the advent of Alexander, the Great (the great horn of the male goat) and his very fast conquests (the male goat without touching the ground). The book of Daniel has been completed around 536 BCE, in Babylon. Alexander the Great was born in 356 BCE. In 336, he began his reign. He died very young, in 323 BCE: "the horn was broken". The prophecy suggests that none of his sons would inherit his kingdom. Alexander the Great had two sons: Alexander IV Aigos and Héraclès, an illegitimate son. The two sons were murdered and therefore did not succeed their father. According to the prophecy, after the death of Alexander, the Great, all the conquered territories were divided into four, between four of his generals: Seleucus Nicator taking Mesopotamia and Syria; Cassandra, Macedonia and Greece; Ptolemy Lagus, Egypt and Palestine; and Lysimachus, Thrace and Asia Minor.

Then, the prophetic vision announces an event which takes place more than 2,500 years later, in our time, just before the great tribulation: the special description of the last king, of the last world power: "Out of one of them came another horn, a small one, and it grew very great toward the south and toward the east and toward the Decoration. It grew so great that it reached all the way to the army of the heavens, and it caused some of the army and some of the stars to fall to the earth, and it trampled them down. It exalted itself even against the Prince of the army, and from him the constant feature was taken away, and the established place of his sanctuary was thrown down. And an army was given over, together with the constant feature, because of transgression; and it kept throwing truth to the earth, and it acted and had success" (Daniel 8:9-12). The angel gives the explanation of this vision:

"And in the final part of their kingdom, as the transgressors act to a completion, a fierce-looking king who understands ambiguous sayings will stand up. His power will become great, but not through his own power. He will bring ruin in an extraordinary way, and he will be successful and act effectively. He will bring mighty ones to ruin, also the people made up of the holy ones. And by his cunning he will use deception to succeed; and in his heart he will exalt himself; and during a time of security he will bring many to ruin. He will even stand up against the Prince of princes, but he will be broken without human hand" (Daniel 8:23-25). After the prowess of announcing the advent of Alexander 200 years in advance, it is the prophetic feat of announcing 2,500 years in advance, by the general description of his grimacing face, and his astute attitude and arrogant, the advent of the last king of the last world power. This biblical prophecy is examined under the topic: "THE LAST KING".

The conflict between the king of the north and the king of the south, which will culminate in the great tribulation

It is in the historical context of the partition into four, of the former territories conquered by Alexander, the Great, that begins the prophetic narrative of the conflict, between the king of the north and the king of the south, in Daniel chapters 11 to 12:1. The peculiarity of this war, with worldwide repercussions, is that it is exclusively centered on the land of Decoration, Israel, which is currently the epicenter of dramatic events that will lead to the great tribulation (Daniel 11:41- 45 and 12:1).

The time is between the decline of Medo-Persian world power and the military supremacy of Greek power (compare Daniel 8:7,20,21). The "mighty king", in Daniel 11:3, is Alexander, the Great (336 BCE (compare Daniel 8:8,20)). His shattered kingdom, divided towards the four winds, alludes to his untimely death (323 BCE) and the division of the conquered territories, into four parts, shared between four of his former generals (compare with Daniel 8:8b,22). As the narrative of this conflict center on the land of Decoration, the north represents Syria and the south Egypt. Of the four generals, two of them seize the whole Greek Empire, which will begin the struggle between these two kings and their respective dynasty:

-       The king of the North, the Syrian King Seleucus I Nicator and his dynasty.

-       the king of the South, the Egyptian King Ptolemy Lagus and his dynasty.

This biblical prophecy is examined under the topic: "THE TWO KINGS".

The prophecy of the coming of Messiah, the Leader and the end of the Covenant of the Law

The prophecy of the seventy weeks of years