- The Eastern Roman Empire becomes the King of the North (in its Germanic Part)
- The Western Roman Empire, the King of the South
"And he will muster his power and his heart against the king of the south with a large army, and the king of the south will prepare himself for the war with an exceedingly large and mighty army. And he will not stand,
because they will plot schemes against him. And those eating his delicacies will bring his downfall.
“As for his army, it will be swept away, and many will fall down slain.
“As regards these two kings,
their heart will be inclined to do what is bad, and they will sit at one table speaking lies to each other. But nothing will succeed, because the end is yet for the time appointed.
“And he will go back to his land with a great amount
of goods, and his heart will be against the holy covenant. He will act effectively and go back to his land" (Daniel 11:25-28).
According the context of Daniel’s prophecy chapters 2, 7, 8, it is a description
of a worldwide Roman civilization Influence or Roman Late Antiquity (Late Roman Empire) or Late Greco-Roman Antiquity context.
And to determine the very generic identity of these two Kings until our days, we should review the
historical outline of the Roman Empire. The difficulty is to know the adequate biblical identity that would be a generic expression of the identities of the future King of the North and the King of the South. For this,
it is important to know that the Roman Empire would definitely be split in two worldwide territories:
Who are the respective Kings of those Roman Empires, the Eastern Roman Empire and the Western Roman Empire?
In Daniel 11:25,26, it is written that the King of the North takes the initiative in the conflict. The Germanic
peoples will be the iron of the lance, by attacking the King of the South, the Western Roman Empire. In response, he “will prepare himself for the war” but as a result, he “will be swept away” and “will fall
down slain”. Finally the Germanic peoples will impose their military superiority over the Western Roman Empire in 476 C.E. and formally incorporating the Eastern Roman Empire in 480 C.E.
Comparing Daniel 11:25, 26,
and the History of Western Roman Empire, we easily understand that the Eastern Roman Empire becomes the King of the North (in its Germanic Part), and the Western Roman Empire, the King of the South. The Eastern Roman Empire will survive the collapse of the
Western Roman Empire officially occurred in 476 C.E.
The following biblical passage of Daniel 11:25-43, is simply the historical statement of this struggle for the world influence between Western Roman Empire (King of the
South) and the Eastern Roman Empire (King of the North), in the framework of the Roman Late Antiquity (Roman Influence). However, each of these two Worldwide Roman Influences (two iron legs (Daniel 2)), over the centuries, will be a country or a coalition of countries which would act on his behalf or “spearhead”
of one of this two Roman Empires.
Regarding to Daniel 11: 25,26, there are two main factors that caused the collapse of the Western Roman Empire officially in 476 C.E.: the German people’s war against the Western Roman Empire. After the victory, the Germanic people would integrate the Eastern Roman
Empire, in 480 C.E. The second factor is described as either a decline or its own societal decay: "And those eating his delicacies will bring his downfall"…
The Germanic Peoples were part of the Roman Empire. So the beginning of this conflict between the two Kings, took place within the origin sphere of influence of the two Roman Empires, in the Western
and the Eastern part.
Daniel 11: 25-28 summarizes this rivalry leading to the supremacy of the King of the North (Eastern Roman Empire), on the King of the South (Western Roman Empire) until the "the time appointed" (1914),
mentioned in Daniel 11:29. However, the Western Roman Empire does not disappear after 476 C.E, according to Daniel’s prophecy:
These Germanic Peoples (as “Spearhead” of the Eastern Roman Empire), will install
Royal dynasties, as Merovingian Dynasty, Carolingian Dynasty, in the Western part of Europe, and by means of the Holy Roman Empire, placing themselves under the influence of the Roman Catholic Church (representation of the extension of the Western Roman Empire, Roman Late Antiquity Influence). So the Western Roman Empire (King of the South) as Western
Roman Influence, will continue to exist and coexist "at one table” to the side of the Eastern Roman Empire (King of the North), Byzantium, and later with the Holy Roman Empire.
After the end of the Byzantine empire, Germanic peoples with the Eastern Coalition countries, would take the leadership of this Roman Eastern Empire (King of the North) by the Holy Roman
Empire of the Teutonic nation (nationis Teutonicae) (or Germanic), facing the Western Roman Empire (King of the South), mainly through the Capetian Dynasty.
In Daniel chapters 7, it is described the evolution of the Roman Western Empire (as Roman Influence) (King of the South). From 1492, the discovery
of the Americas by Christophe Colomb, acting on behalf of the Spanish Maritime Power (including also Portugal and Holland), will begin an era of worldwide conquest primarily led by the three 'maritime' horns (ships of Kittim): Spain (Portugal and Holland included),
France and the British Empire. These three nations of Western Europe wouldl colonize, by sea (ships of Kittim) a large part of the continent (the Americas, Africa, Australia, Asia, the Middle East, and numerous islands of the oceans°. As the Western Roman
Influence Empire (King of the South), these three nations (horns) will be supplanted by the Horn of the United States of America, which will be the main representative of the Western Roman Power (King of the South) (Daniel 7: 8,20,24).
The prophecy of Daniel chapter 11 is describing the continental superiority of the King of the North, and the King of the South as maritime power through the expression "ships of Kittim" (Daniel 11:29). This biblical generic expression can equally
apply to the three Western Europe “horns” (France, Spain (Portugal, Holland included), and British Empire), and the Horn which supersedes them, United States of America.