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Thematic menu of biblical articles





“I will make justice the measuring line and righteousness the leveling instrument”

(Isaiah 28:17)

“Jesus said to them: “Truly I say to you, in the re-creation, when the Son of man sits down on his glorious throne, you who have followed me will sit on 12 thrones, judging the 12 tribes of Israel”

(Matthew 19:28)

Jesus Christ gave the key to understanding the general meaning of the measurement of the Temple of Ezekiel and the whole of this vision in chapters 40-48. Of course, the symbolic meaning of a prophecy must first be interpreted from its context, then to see on the whole of the Bible, if this interpretation is corroborated. For example, if the measurement represents a judgment, it is necessary to see if in other parts of the Scriptures there are the same enigmatic descriptions evoking the same meaning. It is also important to understand the biblical meaning of the word "judging" which may have a broad meaning, such as "judge, govern, administer", or a restricted meaning in connection with the application of the law, a judgment and the application of this judgment, which may be a penalty or not, or even a reward.

For example, in the text of Matthew 19:28, the Greek term "krino" is related to a judgment, a legislative reflection leading to a judicial decision. In Matthew 25:31-33, in the judgment just before the Great Tribulation, Jesus Christ is connecting his coming as Judge with his title as King (throne) (Tishri (Ethanim) 10th), like Matthew 19:28. That means the function of judge is linked with the governing, in that case as king(s). In the biblical book of Judges 12:8-13, the Hebrew word “shâphat” is used as the verb “to judge” with the meaning of “governing”.

The biblical term in Hebrew, shâphat, has the same meaning as the Greek term, but adds the governance of a nation, as we can read in the Book of Judges 12: 8-13 or we read that three "judges "succeeded to" judge "the nation of Israel, which means" to govern ". However, this broader meaning is entirely complementary to the more restricted meaning since governance is closely linked to law enforcement.

The fact that the measurement of the temple of Ezekiel is a 1000 year judgment of the future earthly risen is corroborated by Christ who spoke of the future earthly resurrection.

"Do not be amazed at this, for the hour is coming in which all those in the memorial tombs will hear his voice and come out, those who did good things to a resurrection of life, and those who practiced vile things to a resurrection of judgment" (Jean 5:28,29).

This same idea of ​​Christ, regarding to a worldwide judgment of the resurrected ones, is repeated in a more symbolic way in Revelation 20:4: "And I saw thrones, and those who sat on them were given authority to judge. Yes, I saw the souls of those executed for the witness they gave about Jesus and for speaking about God, and those who had not worshipped the wild beast or its image and had not received the mark on their forehead and on their hand. And they came to life and ruled as kings with the Christ for 1,000 years". This text is very similar to Matthew 19:28 (above). Who will be judged?

"And I saw a great white throne and the One seated on it. From before him the earth and the heaven fled away, and no place was found for them. And I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and scrolls were opened. But another scroll was opened; it is the scroll of life. The dead were judged out of those things written in the scrolls according to their deeds. And the sea gave up the dead in it, and death and the Grave gave up the dead in them, and they were judged individually according to their deeds" (Revelation 20:11-13). (The Greek word "hadès" is the symbolic and general place where the dead are, which can be a grave or not). The single Throne mentioned in this second text is that of the Great Judge, the King Jesus Christ who will supervise the work of judgment of the other judges (mentioned in verse 20:4), under his authority. Will the dead be judged on the basis of their past actions? NO AT ALL.

The first reason is that all the resurrected ones will have paid their "debt" (of their past life), by their own death, from the point of view of divine justice and their past actions, as it is written in Romans 6:23: "For the wages sin pays is death". This biblical axiom clearly shows that death is the result of sin, and after death, past sins disappear from the point of view of divine justice.

The second reason is written in the book of Revelation on which basis the resurrected ones will be judged: "And I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and scrolls were opened. But another scroll was opened; it is the scroll of life. The dead were judged out of those things written in the scrolls according to their deeds" (Revelation 20:12). The "new scrolls" are new divine laws written for the administration of the new human society in the future earthly paradise. And the dead will be judged "according to their actions", that is to say according to their future behavior in paradise, in connection to this new divine legislation.

As it is written in the book of Revelation, this judgment will lead to two everlasting decisions, Everlasting Life or Everlasting Death: "Furthermore, whoever was not found written in the book of life was hurled into the lake of fire" (Revelation 20:15).

The resurrected ones who will accept to conform to the "new scrolls", that is to say to the legislative dimensions of the Temple seen by Ezekiel, in the future earthly paradise, will be registered in "the book of life". The resurrected ones who will not agree to comply will be "thrown into the lake of fire", the "second death", the everlasting death with no possibility of resurrection.

The vision of the "lake of fire" echoes the vision that Abraham had, just after the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah by fire and sulfur, transforming the region of the Dead Sea and the district of the Jordan, into a vision of a lake of fire, of everlasting destruction: "In the same manner, Sodʹom and Go·morʹrah and the cities around them also gave themselves over to gross sexual immorality and pursued unnatural fleshly desires; they are placed before us as a warning example by undergoing the judicial punishment of everlasting fire" (Genesis 19:27-29 compared with Revelation 11:8 "Sodom and Egypt "; Jude 7). (The "lake of fire" is in no way the evocation of a hell of fire where the dead would suffer forever, idea contrary to the Bible, where it is written that the dead are unconscious, and that God is love, and therefore does not resort to torture (Ecclesiastes 9:5,10; 1 John 4:8 (Compare with Jeremiah 32:35)).

The information regarding to the future earthly paradise, in Isaiah 65:20, shows that even the resurrected ones who will not want to conform to the new scrolls, will have a long period of time to repent or not: "For anyone who dies at a hundred will be considered a mere boy, And the sinner will be cursed, even though he is a hundred years of age" (Isaiah 65:20).

Also within the framework of Ezekiel's vision of the measurement of the Temple, the Third part of this study, will be connected to the judgment of the future resurrected ones and will show that, in accordance with what Christ said, some dead will be raised in view of life, without being judged or scrutinized like the unrighteous risen will be, how is that (John 5:24)?

"And I have hope toward God, which hope these men also look forward to, that there is going to be a resurrection of both the righteous and the unrighteous" (Acts 24:15).