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 BIBLE ONLINE (Hebrew Hebrew Interlinear Bible (OT) Westminster Leningrad Codex with vowels)

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Thematic menu of biblical articles

The sentences in blue (between two paragraphs), give you additional and detailed biblical explanations. Just click on the hyperlink in blue. Biblical articles are mainly written in four languages: English, Spanish, Portuguese and French

"Let us make man in our image,

according to our likeness"

(Genesis 1:26)


God Created Man in his Spiritual Image

Man and woman were created in the image of God: "Then God said: “Let us make man in our image, according to our likeness, and let them have in subjection the fish of the sea and the flying creatures of the heavens and the domestic animals and all the earth and every creeping animal that is moving on the earth.” And God went on to create the man in his image, in God’s image he created him; male and female he created them. Further, God blessed them, and God said to them: “Be fruitful and become many, fill the earth and subdue it, and have in subjection the fish of the sea and the flying creatures of the heavens and every living creature that is moving on the earth" (Genesis 1:26-28). It was to the spiritual image of God that they were created, that is, to say, with the divine ability to "create" life (in their case procreation), by having children, but also to administer the earth, the plant life, animal and human lives, all with the help of God. The action of man and woman would be in the spiritual image of God, imbued with love and wisdom (1 Corinthians 13:1).

Since the man and the woman are in the spiritual image of God, an act of voluntary homicide, even involuntary, is a sin against the spiritual image of God. Anyone who causes the death of another human being, from a atonement point of view, must pay for it with his own life. This is what Jehovah God made clear to Noah and his family, after the flood, on leaving the ark: "Besides that, I will demand an accounting for your lifeblood. I will demand an accounting from every living creature; and from each man I will demand an accounting for the life of his brother. Anyone shedding man’s blood, by man will his own blood be shed, for in God’s image He made man" (Genesis 9:5,6).

The Avenger of Blood

For God, both voluntary or an involuntary manslayer is a very serious act. In the old Mosaïque Law, there was the law of the avenger of blood. Of course, we are no longer, as Christians, under the authority of this set of laws. Nevertheless, we can learn from God's way of thinking about the sacred value of human life:

"You should choose cities convenient for yourselves to serve as cities of refuge, where the manslayer who unintentionally kills someone should flee. These cities will serve as a refuge for you from the blood avenger, so that the manslayer will not die until he stands trial before the assembly. The six cities of refuge that you provide will serve this purpose. You will provide three cities on this side of the Jordan and three cities in the land of Caʹnaan to serve as cities of refuge. These six cities will serve as a refuge for the Israelites, for the foreign resident, and for the settler among them, for anyone to flee there who unintentionally kills someone" (Numbers 35:11-15).

Verses 16-29, it is written about the provisions that allowed to accidental manslayer to find protection in these cities of refuge.

Verses 22 to 25, especially, it is written that a court would rule whether he was a willful homicide or not. In the case of accidental manslayer, he was allowed into the city of refuge to protect himself from the blood avenger until the death of the high priest. Even if this disposition was merciful, it was a very serious obligation because it was so to speak, this man was under house arrest (city of refuge), maybe even until the end of his life, because he had to wait for the death of the high priest. In the case of a murderer, the blood avenger, the closest relative of the victim, could put him to death without incurring a bloodguilt before God (verse 19-21).

We are no longer, as Christians, under this legal procedure because Christ is the end of the law (Romans 10:4). However, these legal provisions allow us to better understand God's thinking about the sacred value of human life and blood (1 Corinthians 2:16). The Christian is no longer allowed to take revenge, especially by using violence: "Return evil for evil to no one. Take into consideration what is fine from the viewpoint of all men. If possible, as far as it depends on you, be peaceable with all men. Do not avenge yourselves, beloved, but yield place to the wrath; for it is written: “‘Vengeance is mine; I will repay,’ says Jehovah.” But “if your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him something to drink; for by doing this you will heap fiery coals on his head.” Do not let yourself be conquered by the evil, but keep conquering the evil with the good" (Romans 12:17-21).

The Human Body is a Spiritual Temple

The Apostle Paul and also the Apostle Peter emphasized that on an individual level, the human body represents a temple to worship God:

"Do you not know that you yourselves are God’s temple and that the spirit of God dwells in you? If anyone destroys the temple of God, God will destroy him; for the temple of God is holy, and you are that temple" (1 Corinthians 3:16,17).

"But I consider it right, as long as I am in this tabernacle, to stir you with reminders, knowing as I do that my tabernacle is soon to be removed, just as also our Lord Jesus Christ made clear to me" (2 Peter 1:13,14).

If the human body is like a spiritual temple to worship God, it is obvious that the life that animates this "temple" is sacred. This life is represented by the blood: "For the life of the flesh is in the blood" (Leviticus 17:11). The word soul means that "life" is in the blood. Jehovah asks that everyone take care of this temple: "Therefore, I appeal to you by the compassions of God, brothers, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, a sacred service with your power of reason" (Romans 12: 1). This body was conceived, from the beginning, for a sacred service to God, that is to say, to conform to the plan which he had originally foreseen at the time of the creation of Adam and Eve (Genesis 1:26-28). Therefore, we must maintain this body in a state of "holiness" according to the will of God. We will also see that we must not only care for the physical and spiritual integrity of our body and our life, but also not harm that of others. We will examine certain biblical principles that will allow us to better respect the sacred aspect of life and blood.

The Respect for the Integrity

of the Human Body

The first commandment based on love for God and the love of neighbor is the fundamental basis of all the principles that govern the sacred value of life: "On these two commandments the whole Law hangs, and the Prophets" (Matthew 22:37-40).

Deadly hatred is forbidden: "Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has everlasting life remaining in him" (1 John 3:15). Murder and willful homicide are forbidden, whether for personal reasons, by religious or state patriotism: "Then Jesus said to him: “Return your sword to its place, for all those who take up the sword will perish by the sword"" (Matthew 26:52).

(The end of patriotism)

It is forbidden to put one's life in danger unnecessarily and that of others. The Christian must abstain from practicing dangerous sports, which can cause wounds, to see the death of the imprudent one and that of others (for example the life of the rescuers who would come to assist him), which would constitute a bloodguilt before God: "The shrewd person sees the danger and conceals himself, But the inexperienced keep right on going and suffer the consequences" (Proverbs 27:12).

It may be added that a careless attitude, such as driving a vehicle dangerously, which could not only put us in danger, but also endanger the lives of others, even involuntarily mortal wounds, could constitute a bloodguilt before God : "If you build a new house, you must also make a parapet for your roof, so that you may not bring bloodguilt on your house because of someone falling from it" (Deuteronomy 22: 8; Exodus 21:29). Even if we are no longer under the Mosaic Law, and therefore not allowed to apply such a sentence, this law shows God's point of view on murderous negligence...

In the introduction, we have seen that the human body is a spiritual temple to be cared of it (1 Corinthians 3:16, 2 Peter 1:13,14, Romans 12:1). Therefore, suicide is forbidden. In addition, all forms of drug use that destroy the body and its mobility, creating physical dependence is prohibited. The Bible condemns the excess of alcohol and not its moderate consumption. In the Bible, the excesses of the table are condemned: "Do not be among those who drink too much wine, Among those who gorge themselves on meat" (Proverbs 23:20 condemnation of excess; 1 Timothy 5:23: moderation in the consumption of wine).


(The Elementary Teaching of the Bible - What's Forbidden in the Bible (Part 2))


"He will render judgment among the nations And set matters straight respecting many peoples. They will beat their swords into plowshares And their spears into pruning shears. Nation will not lift up sword against nation, Nor will they learn war anymore" (Isaiah 2:4). To no longer learn warfare, obviously means not to practice at once, combat sports or martial arts, even tinged with religious propaganda which would be to say that it is for a "defensive" purpose. Transforming a human body into a "defensive weapon", can quickly become "an offensive weapon" that can hurt or kill... Christians should not feast on violent sports shows or films extolling gratuitous violence. This is completely detestable to Jehovah God: "Jehovah examines the righteous one as well as the wicked one; He hates anyone who loves violence" (Psalms 11:5).

According to the Bible, the voluntary abortion of an embryo or fetus is strictly forbidden. In the Bible, the child to be born, in the belly of his mother, has his own individuality before God, from conception, whether in the form of an embryo or a fetus: "Your eyes even saw me as an embryo; All its parts were written in your book Regarding the days when they were formed, Before any of them existed" (Psalms 139:16). The New World Translation of the Bible (TMN), uses the word "embryo". The comparison with other translations has confirmed the accuracy of this word. The "Interlinear Hebrew Bible" (OT), based on the Manuscript, Leningrad's Westminster Codex with vowels, translates as "embryo". According to the KJV and the YLT Bible Translations, it is translated as "Unformed Substance" or "Substance". There is no doubt that the Hebrew text describes the baby to be born from conception, as soon as it is hardly an "embryo". Here is what we read in the Mosaic Law, concerning the aggression, even accidental, of a pregnant woman:

"If men should struggle with each other and they hurt a pregnant woman and she gives birth prematurely but no fatality results, the offender must pay the damages imposed on him by the husband of the woman; and he must pay it through the judges. But if a fatality does occur, then you must give life for life" (Exodus 21:22,23).

This law does not fix a minimum number of weeks of gestation, to consider that such an accident, in case of abortion, is a proven homicide on the child. The use of abortion pills is an act of voluntary abortion. The Bible does not prohibit birth control, decided by the couple (they must not provoke the abortion). Abortive methods used as contraception, are condemned in the Bible.

In medical matters, euthanasia is a homicide. What is the difference between euthanasia and palliative care?

Definition of euthanasia: “The act or practice of killing or permitting the death of hopelessly sick or injured individuals (such as persons or domestic animals) in a relatively painless way for reasons of mercy” (Merriam-Webster).

Definition of palliative care: “Palliative care is an approach that improves the quality of life of patients and their families facing the problem associated with life-threatening illness, through the prevention and relief of suffering by means of early identification and impeccable assessment and treatment of pain and other problems, physical, psychosocial and spiritual” (World Health Organisation, 2002).

It is up to the Christian patient and his family, according to his medical situation, to determine what would be an active euthanasia and a palliative care. They can be helped by mature Christian to better understand the biblical principles involved, without having to intervene directly in the decision of the Christian patient and his family: "But solid food belongs to mature people, to those who through use have their powers of discernment trained to distinguish both right and wrong" (Hebrews 5:14). "When there is no skillful direction, the people fall, But there is success through many advisers" (Proverbs 11:14).

God Forgives if there is Sincere Repentance

The narrative about King Manasseh, which has shed much blood, is the demonstration of how far Jehovah's mercy can be applied to sincere repentance. In the biblical narrative, it is written about wickedness of King Manasseh: "Ma·nasʹseh also shed innocent blood in very great quantity until he had filled Jerusalem from one end to the other, besides his sin of causing Judah to sin by doing what was bad in the eyes of Jehovah" (2 Kings 21:16). Because of his bad deeds, God punished him: "Jehovah kept speaking to Ma·nasʹseh and his people, but they paid no attention. So Jehovah brought against them the army chiefs of the king of As·syrʹi·a, and they captured Ma·nasʹseh with hooks and bound him with two copper fetters and took him to Babylon" (2 Chronicles 33: 10,11). However, for as incredible as it may be, this king ended up sincerely repenting of his evil deeds and obtaining Jehovah's mercy: "In his distress, he begged Jehovah his God for favor and kept humbling himself greatly before the God of his forefathers. He kept praying to Him, and He was moved by his entreaty and heard his request for favor, and He restored him to Jerusalem to his kingship. Then Ma·nasʹseh came to know that Jehovah is the true God" (2 Chronicles 33:12,13). What is the reason for this biblical example?

Many men and women have made irreversible mistakes, such as killing many humans (in the context of conflict) or taking part in abortions, sometimes even late. Many of them think that it is impossible that God would forgive them. Add to this a deep feeling of remorse and indignity. Regarding Jehovah's immense mercy, this is what it says: ""Come, now, and let us set matters straight between us,” says Jehovah. “Though your sins are like scarlet, They will be made as white as snow; Though they are as red as crimson cloth, They will become like wool"" (Isaiah 1:18). This verse is especially addressed to those men and women who sincerely repent before God, asking for forgiveness: God forgives sincere repentance on the basis of the precious blood of Jesus Christ: "My little children, I am writing you these things so that you may not commit a sin. And yet, if anyone does commit a sin, we have a helper with the Father, Jesus Christ, a righteous one. And he is a propitiatory sacrifice for our sins, yet not for ours only but also for the whole world’s" (1 John 2:1,2). Moreover, Jehovah God will resurrect the millions of dead who were victims of the many genocides (John 5:28,29). What is irreversible for man, is not for God (Matthew 19:26 "to God all things are possible").

It is possible that even if the mercy of God applies to sincere repentance, a feeling of remorse and indignity will continue to harass them. However, they must know that God is greater than hearts: "By this we will know that we originate with the truth, and we will assure our hearts before him regarding whatever our hearts may condemn us in, because God is greater than our hearts and knows all things. Beloved ones, if our hearts do not condemn us, we have freeness of speech toward God; and whatever we ask we receive from him, because we are observing his commandments and doing what is pleasing in his eyes" (1 John 3:19-22).

(Jesus Christ is the only path to everlasting life)